Carl Ransom Rogers was born in 8th January, 1902 in Oak Park, Illinois, United States and died at the age of 85 in 1987. He was an influential psychologist in the United States and contributed heavily to the humanistic approach to the study and application of psychology. This work is often refered to as the client-centred approach. In 1956, for his research, Rogers was awarded by the American Psychological Associat
In Rogers’ person-centred approach , clients (individuals) are turned into the main actors or subjects within their own treatment or therapy. His approach sees individuals as gifted with the power to self-actualise and since they are endowed with their own unique perception, they can easily provide the change they need in their own cirumstances as long as there is an approprite environment for them to do so. Rogers belived that the right climate is required for a client to be allowed to assess his or her self-defeating habits. Using self determination or personal wisdom to engage successfully with a therapist.
The person centred planning approach has been extensively applied in the area of disability. The approach addresses an individual’s holistic and specific needs, indicating that psychosocial and personal needs have to be considered as critical. In contrast to an analytical, or classical medical approach, regarding biological function and prescription of medication for ailment relief.
In the rehabilitation of people living with disability, their difficulties are addressed in a way that considers both social adjustments and the individuals views. Without person centred planning, rehabilitation of the disabled may ignore other aspects of the disabled person’s life and rights.
As such, the person centred planning gives people living with disability autonomy in their decisions so that they know what is taking place in their lives; they are aware of the perceived care and treatment offered and other types of care open to them. It means a disabled patient is not passive concerning the interventions available to him/her. Rather, the disabled person is a key participant.
The stress is that the concerns of a person living with disability are not different from those of an able individual and equal attention and care has to be equally provided to both. The person behind the disability has to be accorded the respect and dignity they deserve; their disability is seen as a part of life and does not have to be treated with stigma and pity. Rogers’s Person centeredness holds the rights and views of disabled people in high esteem.
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An Analysis of Carl Rogers’ Theory of Personality