In terms of Training in Systematic Instruction TSI, competence is a positive attribute or skill that others value, competence can also be seen as a contribution. The opposite is Deviance this conveys a negative value, that breaks away from social norms. The theory suggests that people are all judged as having a combination of these 2 values in various ways. Interestingly the higher the competency value of an individual, and the great their contribution the more deviance we are able to tolerate. Have you watched the popular television series House, the main character being an antisocial maverick doctor whose brilliance allows him to behave in a disgraceful albeit entertaining fashion? His elevated degree of competence considerably increased the level of social deviance that other characters were willing to accept (ha!)
Just to pause to think about much revered physicist Steven Hawking, does his brilliance give him a greater acceptance in society?
If we are to believe Gold’s theory, the higher the degree of competency, the more ‘deviances/difference will be accepted. The point is for people who may appear and behave differently or indeed fail to demonstrate .appropriate’ behaviour there is a real risk of not being accepted into environments such as the workplace. They may even run the risk of deprivation and being disregarded socially.
Some believe we spend far too much of time attempting to correct the so called deviances or differences. However using techniques such as TSI we may have the opportunity to increase the learners level of competency so individuals are better integrated in their communities, and ultimately working towards the goal of independence.
Remember none of us are perfect, perhaps just a little better at hiding some of our imperfections?