Also referred to as ‘try another way’, training in systematic instruction (TSI) has helped lots of disabled individuals across the United Kingdom to get employment. The approach in TSI is such that the responsibility is left to a trainer and not a disabled person or learner to do all that’s possible to learn a certain task. It is a highly acclaimed interactive approach used for education professionals and employment consultants supporting individuals with disabilities to learn tasks successfully in their place of work and beyond.
TSI as an approach is able to ensure an organisation has gained all the necessary knowledge and skills required to offer one-on-one help to disabled people. It helps them to internalise skills related to independent living and work. The approach draws a lot from the work of both Dr. Wolf Wolfensberger and Dr. Marc Gold, who were major pioneers and of supported employment three decades ago. TSI as a result is a ‘core’ prerequisite for employment coaches dealing with supported employment-a way of ensuring people have learned skills for better daily living.
TSI refutes the model of ‘job readiness’; it suggests that individuals learn better if exposed to real environments in places where tasks need to be carried out and the persons are expected to accomplish them and be successful. The individual also ends up with natural support and motivation.
Vocational profiling that shows a person’s detailed picture arrived at by taking time to be with the individual, talking to his/her friends and support network as well as embarking on novel activities.
Another technique is ‘person centred employment planning’ that involves the carers, the person in question and others to connect with certain employers for a specific type of job.
Job analysis is another and helps in viewing a certain job through the tasks involved to support and train an individual on the job, including the organisational culture and tasks related to being employed in a given workplace, such as using the local shops or canteen at teatime/lunchtime.
Task analysis is another technique in TSI, Task Analysis seeks to breakdown the task into a number of palatable steps for effective teaching and identifying problems with via data collection. Data collection itself indicates the keeping of records of people’s production, learning and accomplishments in a very useful yet simple manner.
Training in systematic instruction aims at defining the core components surrounding supported employment approach and provides both a philosophy and a wider framework for learning and assessment . TSI aims to identify a set of principles or goals set against a traditional valued analogue and defining structured training as the best format of delivering these goals.
The approach stresses that the training is inclusive and can be useful with a range individuals from those identified with profound and multiple disabilities to individuals with fewer support needs. Above all, the learning outcome is to understand the critical nature of support provision founded on personal needs, including a philosophy that rejects no one.